B. Garrido, V. Albaladejo, I. G. Cano, S. Dosta, JTST Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, Springer Science Publisher (2022), https://doi.org/10.1007/s11666-021-01312-w
Abstract: Cold gas spray (CGS) technology has allowed the development of biofunctional coatings composed of 45S5 and polyetheretherketone (PEEK). The combination of a bioactive glass material embedded in a polymeric matrix makes this composite an interesting material for orthopedic applications since this composite meets the biomechanical and biological requirements of an implant. In the present study, blends of bioactive glass 45S5 and PEEK powder with different granulometry and 45S5/PEEK
ratio have been prepared. These mixtures of powders have been deposited onto PEEK substrates by CGS with the goal of incorporating a bioactive additive to the biocompatible polymer, which can improve the bone-implant interaction of PEEK. The deposition efficiency (DE) of the coatings has been evaluated, and from the results obtained, it was possible to conclude that DE is significantly affected by the granulometry and by the 45S5/PEEK ratio of the blends. By scanning electron microscopy (SEM) inspection, it was observed that the use of blends with high 45S5/PEEK ratio lead to the deposition of coatings with high content of 45S5. Finally, the friction behavior of the coatings was analyzed performing ball-on-disk tests and these experiments showed that the presence of glass particles has a beneficial role in the wear resistance.
Keywords: bioactive glass, biomaterials, cold spray, mixtures, PEEK, wear testing.